Sunday, October 19, 2014

"Under capitalism, man exploits man. Under communism, it's just the opposite. " Guilhermo Gonzalez

Which ideas in your novel are connected to its particular setting, and which ideas are still relevant today?


Communism, after years and years it is a still political theory of ruling that has generated mass history throughout  many years. Communism is a political theory that advocates class war and leading to a society in which all property is publicly owned and each person works and is paid according to their abilities and needs. History repeats itself, in fact this theory is was and is still present in modern day China.


The Communist Party of China was formed in 1921. It was under Mao Zedong's control in 1927. Mao led a revolution, and the communist party obtained control of China in 1947. They followed the ruling example the soviet that integrates the development through heavy industry with the balance extracted from peasants. All the Consumer goods were left to secondary importance. When the soviets split from their original way of ruling, Mao split from traditional ideas and values and developed Maoism, the Chinese interpretation of communism.The Maoists started a strong communist tradition, creating the Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution. The Great Leap Forward was instituted to help transform China into a heavy industrialized society. However, this was largely considered to be a fiasco and many Chinese starved to death. In the cultural revolution, Mao overthrew his enemies and millions of people were killed or persecuted.


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As time went on, Mao eventually came to death and a new ruler assumed the cargo of leader. This man was named Deng Xiaoping, the Chinese ideals recently established from Mao's administration where put down and China shifted into a market socialism.  Deng appointed changes in the economic system where they developed what he considered to be socialism with Chinese characteristics. He decided to use laws that had been shown to be effective and followed less the values of the earlier leaders. He created the "Four Modernizations", describing agriculture, industry, science and technology, and the military. Deng is commonly known for as the person who turned China into the economic world power that it is today. He opened up China to the outside world, the real world.


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Modern China communism is somewhat very different, it has now a current constitution, that is currently revised by governments officials. This constitution includes many human and civil rights, free speech, press, worship, the right to trial, and the right to own private property. However, in the behalf of this constitution many laws have not been followed. There has been very little done to ensure that new laws instituted follow the constitution. The judicial system does not provide any particular method for review of new laws.


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2 comments:

  1. Guilhermo, I really liked you post and I can see that you put a lot of effort in your post. I agree with you on everything you said. Communism is present in China since a long time ago and is still present in China now. It China in many ways. Like we saw in the book, Mao Zedong said that they had to remove the "four olds" to develop the country and move forward. Even though some of old Chinese cultures, traditions and habits are still used in today's Modern day China, a lot were removed. For example, Chinese women don't bind their feet anymore. Last year, we read the book Ties that Bind, Ties that Break. In that book, we saw how binding their feet was so important for a woman. Now, they don't do that anymore.

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  2. This is was a great research, Gui! I'm amazed by how much information you gathered about China. I have to say that this is a controversial topic: China is a communist country today or not? Here is a link with other perspective:http://www.slate.com/articles/news_and_politics/explainer/2010/07/how_communist_is_china.html.
    And this one, in portuguese:http://www.bbc.co.uk/portuguese/noticias/2002/021103_ericbuschefinal.shtml. The thing is we tend to associate free market with no state intervention and communism and socialism with state intervention. This is only partially true, since we have a lot of possible configurations within this spectrum. I really would like to talk more about that with you! Congratulations on your beautifull research.

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