The book Red Scarf Girl takes place in one of the most important times in Chinese history, the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, also known as the Chinese Cultural Revolution. I decided to further research this topic and I learned that the Cultural Revolution happened from 1966 to 1976 and it was started by Mao Zedong. Later Mao became Chairman Communist Party of China. Mao's goal was to remove any cultural or capitalist belief. After started the revolution in may 1966 the younger people around china started a group called the Red Guards that agreed with Mao's beliefs. The Red Guards believed in destroying the four olds: Old Customs, Old Culture, Old Habits, and Old Ideas. They wanted to have only new beliefs.