The Cultural Revolution set action from 1966 to 1976, and was a movement created to preserve communist ideas, and move the younger generation into a more communist way by reducing Chinese traditions from previous forms of government such as dynasties. The Revolution was launched in May 1966, after Mao alleged that middle class traits had infiltrated the government and society, aiming to restore capitalism. He insisted that they should be removed through violent struggles on classes. China's youth responded to Mao's appeal by forming Red Guard groups around the country. The movement spread into the military, urban workers, and the Communist Party leadership itself. This movement allowed for a more communist control over China. Millions of people were persecuted in the violent struggles against middle class across the country, and suffered a wide range of abuses including public humiliation, imprisonment, torture, sustained harassment, and seizure of property. A large segment of the population was forcibly displaced, most notably the transfer of youth to rural regions.
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